Arizona Equality Official Website tracking the progress of the complaint
filed against the State of Arizona on January 6, 2014,
for Marriage Equality.

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Defendant Documents and Exhibits

Listed below are the various defendant documents and exhibits that have been presented to the court.

  • Document 53 - Defendants' Statement of Facts in Support of Cross-Motion for Summary Judgment
  • Document 53-1
    Index of Exhibits
    Exhibit 1 - William Blackstone, Commentaries (1765)
    Exhibit 2 - Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690) by John Locke
    Exhibit 3 - Marriage & Morals by Bertrand Russell
    Exhibit 4 - The View From Afar by Claude Levi-Strauss
    Exhibit 5 - A History of Marriage Systems by G. Robina Quale
    Exhibit 6 - The Struggle for Same-Sex Marriage by Norval D. Glenn
    Exhibit 7 - An Economic Assessment of Same-Sex Marraige Laws
    Exhibit 8 - Why Marriage Matters
    Exhibit 9 - The Marriage Problem by James Q. Wilson
    Exhibit 10 - Introduction: The Meaning and Significance of Marriage in Contemporary Society
  • Document 53-2
    Exhibit 11 - Commentaries on the Law of Marriage and Divorce, and Evidence in... by Joel Pretiss Bishop
    Exhibit 12 - Non-exhaustive Compendium of Arizona Man-Woman Marriage Laws and Declaration in Support
    Exhibit 13 - Declaration of Chad Roche, Pinal County Superior Court Cler, in Support of Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment
    Exhibit 14 - Declaration of Michael Jeanes, Maricopa County Superior Court Clerk, in Support of Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment
    Exhibit 15 - Declaration of Deborah Young, Coconino County Superior Court Clerk, in Support of Defendants' Motion for Summary Judgment
    Exhibit 16 - Arizona State Senate Fact Sheet for SB 1133 Covenat Marriages
    Exhibit 17 - Covenant Marriage: The Movement to Reclaim Tradition in America
    Exhibit 18 - Publicity Pamphlet: General Election, November 7, 2006
    Exhibit 19 - DVD to be filed with the court once leave has been granted
    Exhibit 20 - DVD to be filed with the court once leave has been granted
    Exhibit 21 - Committee on Government Reform February 3, 1999, Minutes of Meeting
    Exhibit 22 - US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit - Appeal from the US District Court for the District of Utah, Civil Case No. 2:13-CV-00217-RJS and Appeal from the US District Court for the Northern District of Oklahoma, Civil Case No. 04-CV-848-TCK-TLW
    Exhibit 23 - Marriage from a Child’s Perspective: How Does Family Structure Affect Children, and What Can We Do about It?
    Exhibit 24 - Adverse Family Experiences Among Children in Nonparental Care, 2011–2012
    Exhibit 25 - Adolescent Well-Being in Cohabiting, Married, and Single-Parent Families
    Exhibit 26 - Growing Up With A Single Parent: What Hurts, What Helps
  • Document 53-3
    Exhibit 27 - The Impact of Family Formation Change on the Cognitive, Social, and Emotional Well-Being of the Next Generation by Paul R. Amato
    Exhibit 28 - Father Absence and Youth Incarceration
    Exhibit 29 - Life Without Father by David Popenoe
    Exhibit 30 - Why Marriage Matters, Second Edition
    Exhibit 31 - Marriage and the Public Good: Ten Principles
    Exhibit 32 - Reconcilable Differences: What Social Sciences Show About the Complementarity of the Sexes & Parenting
    Exhibit 33 - Daddy Dearest? Active Fatherhood and Public Policy
    Exhibit 34 - Associations Between Father Absence and Age of First Sexual Intercourse
    Exhibit 35 - Timing of Pubertal Maturation in Girls: An Integrated Life History Approach
    Exhibit 36 - The role of father involvement in children's later mental health
  • Document 53-4
    Exhibit 37 - Does Father Absence Place Daughters at Special Risk for Early Sexual Activity and Teenage Pregnancy?
    Exhibit 38 - Obama's Speech on Fatherhood
    Exhibit 39 - My Daddy's Name is Donor: A New Study of Young Adultz Conceived Through Sperm Donation
    Exhibit 40 - Fertility, Family Planning, and Reproductive Health of U.S.Women: Data From the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth
    Exhibit 41 - Infertility and Impaired Fecundity in the United States, 1982–2010: Data From the National Survey of Family Growth
    Exhibit 42 - Childbearing Outside of Marriage: Estimates and Trends in the United States
    Exhibit 43 - The relative stability of cohabiting and marital unions for children
    Exhibit 44 - Unintended pregnancy in the United States: incidence and disparities, 2006
    Exhibit 45 - Responsible Fathering: An Overview and Conceptual Framework
  • Document 53-5
    Exhibit 46 - The Good Society
    Exhibit 47 - The Social Construction of Reality
    Exhibit 48 - Structure and Function in Primitive Society
    Exhibit 49 - The Channelling Function in Family Law by Carl E. Schneider
    Exhibit 50 - Gay Marriage: For Better or for Worse?
    Exhibit 51 - Retying the Knot
    Exhibit 52 - Ethics in the Public Domain by Joseph Raz
  • Document 53-6
    Exhibit 53 - Bridal Wave
    Exhibit 54 - US Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit: Kitchens v. Herbert
    Exhibit 55 - US Court of Appears for the Tenth Circuit: Kitchen v Herbert - Case Nos. 13-4178, 14-5003, 14-5006
    Exhibit 56 - Marriage Rates by State
    Exhibit 57 - Divorce Rates by State
    Exhibit 58 - National Marriage and Divorce Rate Trends
    Exhibit 59 - The Taxpayer Costs of Divorce and Unwed Childbearing
    Exhibit 60 - What is Marriage? Man and Woman: A Defense by Sherif Girgis
  • Document 53-7 
    Exhibit 61 - Does Divorce Law Affect the Divorce Rate?
    Exhibit 62 - Good Intentions Gone Awry by Allen M. Parkman
    Exhibit 63 - Homos exualities by Alan P. Bell and Martin S. Weinberg
    Exhibit 64 - How different are the adult children of parents who have same-sex relationships? Findings from the New Family Structures Study
    Exhibit 65 - Same-sex parenting and children's outcomes: A closer examination of the American psychological association's brief on lesbian and gay parenting
    Exhibit 66 - Fathers: Forgotten Contributors to Child Development
  • Document 53-8 
    Exhibit 67 - Transcript of Proceedings: US District Court Northern District of California: Perry v Schwarzenegger
    Exhibit 68 - Supreme Court of the US: Bakes v Nelson 
    Exhibit 69 - Effects of Welfare Participation on Marriage
    Exhibit 70 - World Changes in Divorce Patterns by William J. Goode
    Exhibit 71 - The Unexpected Legacy of Divorce
  • Document 54 - Defendants' Controverting Statement of Facts in Response to Plaintiffs' Motion for Summary Judgment
  • Document 55 
    Defendants' Motion for Leave to Non-electronically File Two Exhibits
    [Proposed] Order Granting Defendants' Motion for Leave to Non-Electronically File Two Exhibits

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Same-Sex Marriage and ChildrenSame-Sex Marriage and Children is the first book to bring together historical, social science, and legal considerations to comprehensively respond to the objections to same-sex marriage that are based on the need to promote so-called "responsible procreation" and child welfare. Carlos A. Ball places the current marriage debates within a broader historical context by exploring how the procreative and child welfare claims used to try to deny same-sex couples the opportunity to marry are similar to earlier arguments used to defend interracial marriage bans, laws prohibiting disabled individuals from marrying, and the differential treatment of children born out of wedlock. Ball also draws a link between welfare reform and same-sex marriage bans by explaining how conservative proponents have defended both based on the need for the government to promote responsible procreation among heterosexuals. 

In addition, Ball examines the social science studies relied on by opponents of same-sex marriage and explains in a highly engaging and accessible way why they do not support the contention that biological status and parental gender matter when it comes to parenting. He also explores the relevance of the social science studies on the children of lesbians and gay men to the question of whether same-sex couples have a constitutional right to marry. In doing so, the book looks closely at the gay marriage cases that recently reached the Supreme Court and explains why the constitutionality of same-sex marriage bans cannot be defended on the basis that maintaining marriage as an exclusively heterosexual institution helps to promote the best interests of children. Same-Sex Marriage and Children will help lawyers, law professors, judges, legislators, social and political scientists, historians, and child welfare officials-as well as general readers interested in matters related to marriage and families-understand the empirical and legal issues behind the intersection of same-sex marriage and children's welfare.

© 2014 Arizona Equality